Health Office Information
Erskine Elementary Health Office Information
Between six to twelve million children, including one in every 100 elementary school kids will have head lice each year. You should examine your child’s head, especially behind the ears and at the nape of the neck, for nits and lice if your child has symptoms (mostly itching) of a head lice infestation. If nits or lice are found, all household members should be examined for nits and lice every 2-3 days. Persons with live (crawling) lice or nits within ¼ inch or less of the scalp should be treated. To eliminate head lice successfully, it is very important that all treatment instructions and steps are carefully followed and completed. Your school is able to provide you with all the necessary information. If your child has live lice, you should notify parents of your child’s playmates, as well as your child’s school or child care facility, so that steps can be made to prevent further spread. The Cedar Rapids School District does not support a “No-Nits” policy that requires a child to be free of nits before they can return to school or a child-care facility. Children should be permitted to return to school or child-care after appropriate treatment is started. Head lice can be a nuisance but they have not been shown to spread disease. The information materials on the CDC’s Lice Web site are available to view or print at www.cdc.gov/lice/head.html
FACTS ABOUT INFLUENZA
There are several types of influenza viruses. Influenza A and B cause respiratory illnesses. Symptoms begin suddenly 1-5 days after exposure and usually last for 2-7 days. Symptoms include fever, cough, headache, muscle aches, and fatigue. It generally occurs in the late fall and winter. Anyone can get influenza, but those at highest risk for severe illness are the elderly, the very young, and those with chronic medical problems such as diabetes and asthma, or heart or lung conditions.
It is spread by coughing or sneezing. Treatment is rest and lots of fluids to drink. Since there is more than one type of influenza, it is possible to get it more than once a year.
There is a vaccine for influenza. Those people at particular risk for getting a serious case of influenza should get the vaccine yearly.
What can you do to prevent the spread of influenza? Children (and adults) who are ill with fever and cough should stay home. Cover the mouth and nose when coughing or sneezing. Consult your family doctor to determine if he/she thinks you and your family should receive the vaccine.
Sleep and the School Age Student
Does this sound like your child or teen?
Eric’s teacher reports that Eric has been having difficulty paying attention in class. When he is redirected to pay attention, he talks back to the teacher.
The School Nurse calls to report that Alison has been coming to the Health Office frequently complaining of headaches.
Students with behavior problems such as difficulty paying attention, poor decision making, irritability, depression, violent tendencies and physical complaints could be suffering from sleep deprivation. Studies show that more than two thirds of children who suffer from chronic daily headaches also experience sleep disturbance, especially if they are staying up to late.
To improve sleep in children and teens follow the suggestions below:
· The bedroom should not be a place where a child/teen is stimulated with TV, videos, or computers.
· The bedroom should be a restful environment that promotes rest and sleep.
· Children and teens should have a routine that includes calm activities such as reading and preparing for sleep the last hour they plan to be awake.
School age children and teens need at least 9 – 10 hours of sleep at night to be alert, at their optimum health and ready to learn.